2008 Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World

The Second Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World was held on 6–9 October 2008 at the Oceanography Museum of Monaco under the High Patronage of His Serene Highness Prince Albert II.The meeting brought together 220 scientists from 32 countries to assess what is known about ocean acidification impacts on marine chemistry and ecosystems, and to address the socio-economic and policy perspectives of these impacts.

Papers from the meeting were published in a special collection of Biogeosciences (2009-2010).

firstOASPMOcean Acidification Summary for Policymakers 2009
English low res (1.4MB); high res (7MB)
Spanish low res (1.4MB)
French low res (1.4MB)
Portuguese low res (1.4MB)

The Monaco Declaration (pdf 5Mb)
UNESCO Press Release (English)
UNESCO Press Release (French)
UNESCO Press Release (Spanish)
IGBP Press Release
IAEA Press Release

Symposium Abstracts Book 2008 (pdf, 823 kb)
Symposium Presentations 2008 (see the PowerPoint presentations presented as PDFs in the agenda below)


Ice-Breaker Reception (and Registration)
17:00 – 18:00    Registration (access to the Musée Océanographique after registering)
18:00 – 19:30    Ice-Breaker Reception (registration continues; access to 1st floor access only)


8:00 – 9:00        Registration
9:00 – 9:30         Opening & Welcome
9:00 – 9:15         Robert Calcagno – Minister for Public Works, the Environment and Urban Development (Monaco)
9:15 – 9:20         Nadia Ounais, Executive Director, Musée Océanographique
9:20 – 9:30         James Orr – MEL/IAEA, Monaco, Chair, Planning Committees

Scenarios of ocean acidification – James Orr, Chair

9:30 – 10:00      Invited: Present and future changes of carbonate systems in the global oceans – Richard Feely, NOAA/PMEL, Seattle, USA
10:00 – 10:15    Impact of climate change mitigation on ocean acidification projections – Gian-Kasper Plattner, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
10:15 – 10:30    CO2 emission targets for future changes in ocean carbon chemistry – Richard Zeebe, University of Hawaii, USA
10:30 – 10:45    High vulnerability of Eastern boundary upwelling systems to ocean acidification – Nicolas Gruber, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
10:45 – 11:15    Coffee Break

Impacts on benthic and pelagic calcifiers – Denis Allemand, Chair

11:15 – 11:45    Invited: Impact of ocean acidification on benthic organisms – Jean-Pierre Gattuso, LOV, Villefranche-sur-mer, France
11:45 – 12:00    Poorly cemented coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: possible insights into reef development in a high-CO2 world– Joan Kleypas, National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA
12:00 – 14:00    Lunch
14:00 – 14:15    The impact of ocean acidification and temperature on the reproduction and development of oysters and the potential of genetic differences to ameliorate climate change – Laura Parker, University of Western Sydney, Australia – not posted, unpublished work
14:15 – 14:30    Latitudinal variation in calcification: vulnerability of Antarctic benthic calcifiers to ocean acidification – Sue-Anne Watson, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, UK
14:30 – 15:00    Invited: Pelagic calcifiers: pteropods and forams – Victoria Fabry, Cal. State University, San Marcos, USA – not posted, unpublished work
15:00 – 15:15    Interannual variability of pteropod shell weights in the high-CO2 Southern Ocean – Donna Roberts, Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems CRC, Hobart, Australia
15:15                Coffee break

Ocean carbon system: past & present – Peter Haugan, Chair

15:45 – 16:15    Invited: Controls on evolution of ocean carbonate chemistry over the past 109 years – Ken Caldeira, Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution, Stanford, USA
16:15 – 16:30    Boron isotope evidence of ocean acidification in the Neoproterozoic – Simone Kasemann, University of Edinburgh, UK – – not posted, unpublished work
16:30 – 16:45    Reduced calcification in modern Southern Ocean planktonic foraminifera – Andrew Moy (William Howard), Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems CRC, University of Tasmania, Australia
16:45 – 17:00    Current rates of change in pH and calcium carbonate saturation in the high-latitude North Atlantic Ocean  – Jon Olafsson, Marine Research Institute, Reykjavik, Iceland
17:00 – 17:15    Low winter CaCO3 saturation in the Baltic Sea and consequences for calcifiers – Toby Tyrrell, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton University, UK

Effects of ocean acidification on nutrient and metal speciation – Silvio Pantoja, Chair

17:15 – 17:45    Invited: Ocean acidification and metal speciation – Hein de Baar, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, the Netherlands
17:45 – 18:00    Ocean acidification effects on iron speciation in seawater – Eike Breitbarth, Department of Chemistry, University of Gothenburg, Sweden – not posted, unpublished work
18:00 – 20:00    Poster Session 1 (with refreshments)


Mechanisms of Calcification  –  Joanie Kleypas, Chair
8:30 – 9:00        Invited: Biomineralization mechanisms in marine calcifiers in view of ocean acidification –   Jonathan Erez, Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
9:00 – 9:15        Effect of acidification on coral calcification: working hypothesis towards a physiological mechanism – Francesca Marubini (Denis Allemand), Centre Scientifique de Monaco
9:15 – 9:30        Predictions of carbon fixation during a bloom of Emiliyana Huxleyi is highly sensitive to assumed response to shift in pCO2 – Olivier Bernard, INRIA-COMORE, Sophia-Antipolis, France

Physiological effects: from microbes to fish – Victoria Fabry, Chair

9:30 – 10:00      Invited: Physiological Mechanisms Linking Climate to Ecosystem Change: Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Animals in Times of Ocean Warming – Hans-Otto Pörtner, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), Germany
10:00 – 10:30    Invited: Impacts of Ocean Change on Primary Producers – Ulf Riebesell, Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), Germany
10:30 – 11:00    Coffee Break
11:00 – 11:30    Invited: CO2 leakage in the deep ocean and its effect on biota and biogeochemistry – lessons from natural analogues for CO2 disposal in the ocean  – Antje Boetius, MPI für Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany
11:30 – 11:45    Effects of hypercapnic acidification of seawater on the biology of non-calcifying marine organisms – Erik Thuesen, Evergreen State College, Laboratory, Olympia, USA – not posted, unpublished work
11:45 – 12:00    Predicting the impact of ocean acidification on benthic biodiversity: what can animal physiology tell us? – Stephen Widdicombe, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK
12:00 – 14:00    Lunch

Fisheries, food webs, and ecosystem impacts (PICES-ICES session) – Patrick Lehodey, Chair

14:00 – 14:30    Invited: Consequences of Ocean Acidification for Fisheries – Jan Helge Fosså, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
14:30 – 15:00    An ocean acidification simulation experiment with benthic animals using a precise pCO2 control system – Yukihiro Nojiri, CGER/NIES, Tskuba, Japan
15:00 – 15:15    Natural CO2 vents reveal ecological tipping points due to ocean acidification – Jason Hall-Spencer, Marine Institute, Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, UK
15:15 – 15:30    Salmon pHishing in the northeast Pacific; an archaeological dig in the North Pacific survey data (1956–1964) – Skip Mckinnell, North Pacific Marine Science Organization, Sidney, Canada
15:30 – 16:00    Coffee Break

CO2 Disposal – Ken Caldeira, Chair                       

16:00 – 16:30    Invited: Effects of CO2 capture and storage on ocean acidification – Peter Haugan, Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Norway
16:30 – 16:45    Modelling of CO2 dispersion leaked from seafloor off Japanese coast – Yuki Kano (Toru Sato), AIST ( and University of Tokyo), Japan
17:00 – 19:00    Poster Session 2

Tuesday Evening Symposium Events: 

19:00 – 20:00    Symposium Cocktail – Aquarium (in the Musée Océanographique)
20:00 – 22:00    Symposium Dinner – 1st Floor of Musée Océanographique (stand-up buffet)


Adaptation and microevolution – Ulf Riebesell, Chair

8:30 – 9:00        Invited: A brief history of skeletons in the ocean –   Andrew Knoll, Harvard University, USA
9:00 – 9:15        Influence of high CO2 on coccolithophores under long-term cultivation – Marius Müller,  Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, Germany 

New concerns – Ulf Riebesell, Chair

9:15 – 9:30        Impact of ocean acidification underwater sound: reduced low frequency absorption, increased noise levels, potentially higher stress for marine mammals – David Browning, Department of Physics, University of Rhode Island, USA – Cancelled
9:30 – 9:45        Experimental approaches of carbonate chemistry manipulation in CO2 perturbation studies  – Kai Schulz, Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), Germany 

Biogeochemical consequences and feedbacks to the Earth system – Nicolas Gruber, Chair 

9:45 – 10:15      Invited : Biogeochemical consequences of ocean acidification – Laurent Bopp, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, IPSL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
10:15 – 10:45    Coffee Break
10:45 – 11:00    Dissolution of CaCO3 in shallow water carbonate environments in the high CO2 world of the Anthropocene  – Andreas Andersson, Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, Bermuda
11:00 – 11:15    Impacts of ocean acidification on marine biogenic trace gas production – Frances Hopkins, Laboratory for Global Marine and Atmospheric Chemistry, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
11:15– 11:30     From laboratory manipulations to Earth system models: an ‘Eppley curve’ for calcification rate? – Andy Ridgwell, University of Bristol, UK
11:30 – 13:00    Lunch
13:00 – 15:15    Breakout sessions

  1. Natural and Artificial Perturbation Experiments to Assess Acidification (e.g., paleoceanography, spatial variability, and mesocosm studies, modeling)
  2. Observational Networks for Tracking Acidification and its Impacts (e.g., sensor development, observation networks, ecosystem responses, modelling)
  3. Scaling Organism to Ecosystem Acidification Effects and Feedbacks on Climate (e.g., organism dose-response, modeling)

15:15 – 15:45    Coffee Break
15:45 – 17:00    Reports from Breakout sessions

Closing summaries for 3-day science meeting – James Orr, Chair

17:00 – 17:40    Scientific Perspectives – Jean-Pierre Gattuso
17:40 – 18:00    James Orr, Planning committee chair (statements from planning committee)


Beyond natural science

09:00 – 09:20    Opening  – H.S.H. Prince Albert II, Monaco
09:20 – 09:50    Science summary from 1st three days of the symposium – Carol Turley
09:50 – 10:20    Basic Economics of Ocean Acidification – Hermann Held
10:20 – 10:50    Ocean acidification for Policymakers – John Baxter
10:50 – 11:20    Coffee Break 

Press conference

11:30 – 12:30    Press conference in English and French

12:30 – 13:30    Lunch

Outreach for local students and teachers (in French)  

14:00 – 16:00    Presentations and hands-on workshop potentially organized with CarboSchools, EPOCA EU Project, Musée Océanographique, Océanopolis, & l’Education Nationale de Monaco

Questions or Comments?
Please contact SCOR.

Last Updated: 12/31/2009 19:21:42